Bringing food allergy management and awareness to your community

Milk Allergy

Milk Avoidance Handout COFAR
One page PDF on ingredients/foods to avoid that may indicate presence of milk, foods that often contain milk, foods to look out for, and foods that usually are safe

Milk Allergy Information FAAN FAAN
A webpage thats ome information of alternatives for baking with milk, hidden sources of milk, cross-reactivity with goat milk, recommended formulas, and safe ingredients

Milk Allergy Avoidance List KFA KFA
A webpage with list of foods/ingredients that contain milk, may contain milk, or are considered safe. Also links for travel cards for reading lablels, a full milk avoidance list, milk-substitutions for baking

Milk Allergy Information FAIUSA FAIUSA
A webpage on how to avoid milk with list of ingredients that indicate milk is present, additional infomration about cross-contact, and Kosher labeling

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Milk Allergy is most common food allergy seen in childhood. Studies have reported that upto 2.5% of infants have an allergy to milk. Often they first are diagnosed in babies because of symptoms of severe eczema. These infants can be exposed to cow’s milk either through breast milk or through cow’s milk based formulas. Milk exposure can also cause hives or even life-threatening allergic reactions. Fortunately , most children will be able to outgrow their milk allergy early in childhood often by age 3-5 years. It is important to note that milk has a high level of cross-reactivity with goat or sheep milk in over 90% of cases. Therefore goat milk or sheep milk is not a good substitute for children who have a cow’s milk allergy.

There are also non-IgE milk allergies seen in children. This means that testing by either skin prick or blood test (eg. “RAST testing”) may not detect certain types of milk allergy. The most common is cow’s milk protein of infancy which can result in bloody stools. Another syndrome known as FPIES (food-protein induced enterocolitis syndrome) can be due to a non-IgE milk allergy. Classic FPIES includes symptoms of severe vomiting and dehydration that start a few hours after exposure to milk. If these milk allergies are suspected you should consult with your physician.

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Treatment of milk allergy consists of education and avoidance of milk. If you or a family member is diagnosed with an milk allergy, it is important to know which foods to avoid, and know how to avoid hidden sources of milk. To help avoid accidental exposure, learning to how to read labels for an milk-free diet is an essential skill. You also should always be prepared to treat a milk allergy reaction.



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Medical information changes constantly. Therefore the information on this site or on the linked websites should not be considered current, complete or exhaustive, nor should you rely on such information to recommend a course of treatment for you or any other individual. Reliance on any information provided on this site or any linked websites is solely at your own risk.

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